What Is Plyometric Training?

Ok, so what is plyometric training exactly? And, how do you do it?

When it comes to understanding plyometric training you should know that even though many athletes perform plyometrics they don't really understand what it is. As a result they can't use it to its fullest potential.

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This is a sports training technique that has been around for quite some time. It was first known as jump training.

It didn't become popular until athletes who were using this training method began winning the competitions they were in.

In the 1920s it was track and field athletes who used plyometric drills and plyometric exercises as part of their training. They began to develop the principles of plyometric training as we know it today.

In the 1970s athletes in other sports decided to give it a try. At first it was just athletes that required explosive power for their event and then all other athletes got involved.

Your Answer To The Question...
What Is Plyometric Training?

To understand what plyometric training is we will break the actual word down.

The term plyometrics comes from the Greek word "pleythyein" meaning to 'increase'. A man named Fred Wilt who was a track and field coach coined the modern version of the word in 1970. It’s a combination of 2 Latin words "pilo" meaning 'more' and "metrics" meaning 'to measure'.

To properly answer the question: What is plyometric training? Understand that it is a type of exercise that is used to develop very fast, powerful muscle and joint motions.

The main goal is to improve your athletic performance.

Plyometric drills and plyometric exercises will use your muscle elasticity and strength to allow you to jump higher, hit harder, swim faster, throw any type of ball a greater distance with more accuracy, etc.
Benefits of Plyometrics Training

In order for you to grasp how plyometric training will improve your athletic performance you need to understand the mechanics and benefits.

You also need to understand muscle power. Muscle power is measured by the time it takes your muscles to convert strength into speed. The speed it takes your muscles to contract will determine how much power you can produce.

A common type of plyometric drills are vertical jumps. They are done in continuous fashion, meaning as soon as you land, you jump again. This will overload your muscles which will improve explosiveness and power.

Key Factors To Consider

Plyometrics can involve some risks so there are things you need to keep in mind...

  • Even if you have a full understanding of the answer to: What are plyometrics? – only do them under the guidance of a good trainer and only if you're in good physical condition.

  • Age plays a role. Young athletes under the age of thirteen should only perform low-volume, low-intensity plyometric exercises.

  • Bodyweight plays a role as well. Extra body weight means additional strain on your joints.

  • Wear proper footwear. Your shoes must fit properly and be cushioned.

  • Your training surface must be suitable. As long as the ground is level and free of holes, bumps, etc. it's fine to do it outside.

  • Never train on concrete, it's too hard.

What Is Plyometric Training Aerobics and Flexibility?

Once you know the answer to: What is plyometric training? – you will realize that there are other Types Of Fitness Training that go into plyometric exercises, including aerobics and flexibility exercises.

There are many types of plyometric drills you can perform in addition to vertical jumps, including catch drills, medicine ball exercises and different push-ups.

What Is Plyometric Training supplementation? Click to find out.

Plyometric drills incorporate gravitational force to allow your muscles to reach optimal strength in as fast a way as possible. The energy in your muscles is used up immediately in an opposite reaction, such as jumping again as soon as your feet touch the ground.

Your ability to immediately apply power and force to your muscles; which is commonly known as reactive force; is the primary goal of plyometric training.

Aerobics are exercises that incorporate your cardiovascular system.

Flexibility is your ability to move your joints effortlessly throughout their full range of motion. There are 2 different types flexibility, static and dynamic.

Static flexibility will allow you to get into a stretched position while the rest of your body is motionless and relaxed. Dynamic flexibility will permit you to move at a normal or quick pace into a stretched out position.

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